In order to expedite social, economic, development,
public health, cultural, and educational programmes and facilitate other
affairs relating to public welfare with the cooperation of the people according
to local needs, the administration of each village, division, city, municipality,
and province will be supervised by a council to be named the Village, Division,
City, Municipality, or Provincial Council. Members of each of these councils
will be elected by the people of the locality in question. Qualifications
for the eligibility of electors and candidates for these councils, as well
as their functions and powers, the mode of election, the jurisdiction of
these councils, the hierarchy of their authority, will be determined by
law, in such a way as to preserve national unity, territorial integrity,
the system of the Islamic Republic, and the sovereignty of the central
In order to prevent discrimination in the preparation
of programmes for the development and welfare of the provinces, to secure
the cooperation of the people, and to arrange for the supervision of coordinated
implementation of such programmes, a Supreme Council of, the Provinces
will be formed, composed of representatives of the Provincial Councils.
Law will specify the manner in which this council is to be formed and the
functions that it is to fulfil.
The Supreme Council of the Provinces has the right
within its jurisdiction, to draft bills and to submit them to the Islamic
Consultative Assembly, either directly or through the government. These
bills must be examined by the Assembly.
Provincial governors, city governors, divisional
governors, and other officials appointed by the government must abide by
all decisions taken by the councils within their jurisdiction.
In order to ensure Islamic equity and cooperation
in chalking out the programmes and to bring about the harmonious progress
of all units of production, both industrial and agricultural, councils
consisting of the representatives of the workers, peasants, other employees,
and managers, will be formed in educational and administrative units, units
of service industries, and other units of a like nature, similar councils
will be formed, composed of representatives of the members of those units.
The mode of the formation of these councils and the scope of their 'functions
and powers,~are t,o be specified by law.
Decisions taken by the councils must not be contrary
to the criteria of Islam and the laws of the country.
The councils may not be dissolved unless they deviate from their legal duties. The body responsible for determining such deviation, as well as the manner for dissolving the councils and re-forming them, will be specified by law. Should a council have any objection to its dissolution, it has the right to appeal to a competent court, and the court is duty-bound to examine its complaint outside the docket sequence.