Iran, The Country


Iran is located in the Middle East. Its area is 1.6 million square km. (636,294 square mi.) which makes it one of the larger countries in the region. 
 

 Coordinates

Northernmost latitude ...... N40o 
Southernmost latitude ...... N25o 
Westernmost  longitude ... E45o 
Easternmost  longitude ... E63o 

Borders

It is bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf,  and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan.  Its total land boundaries is 5,440 km.  It borders eight countries. 
 
 

Afghanistan ............................... 936 km 
Armenia ....................................  35  km 
Azarbaijan-proper ..................... 432 km 
Azerbaijan_Naxcivan exclave .....179 km
Iraq ...............................1458 km 
Pakistan ........................  909 km 
Turkey ............................. 499 km 
Turkmenistan .................. 992 km 

Coastline

Caspian Sea .............................. 740 Km 
Persian Gulf and Oman Gulf ..... 2440 Km 
Exclusive economic zone.....bilateral agreements, or median lines in the Persian Gulf Territorial 
sea...............................................................................................12 nm Contiguous 
zone.............................................................................................24 nm Continental shelf............................................................................................. Natural prolongation 
 
 

Area

Total area .... 1.648 million square km 
Land area .... 1.636 million square km 
 

Elevation

Lowest point ... Caspian Sea -28 m 
Highest point ...Qolleh-ye Damavand 5671 m


 
Climate

mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast 

Terrain

Rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts 


 
Natural Resources
 

Iran has large deposits of natural resources.   Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur are found in large quantities in Iran. 

Land Use
 
Arable land ..........................  8% 
Meadows and pastures.......... 27% 
Other .................................. 54%
Permanent crops .................................... 0% 
Forest and woodland ..............................11% 
Irrigated land ......... 57,500 sq. km (1989 est.)

Administrative Divisions

Capital: Tehran 
There are 25 provinces. 

Provinces in Alphabetic Order
Ardabil 
Bushehr 
Fars 
Hormozgan 
Kermanshahan 
Kohkiluyeh va Buyer Ahmadi 
Markazi 
Sistan va Baluchestan 
Zanjan
Azarbayjan-e Gharbi 
Chahar Mahall va Bakhtiari 
Gilan 
Ilam 
Khorasan 
Kordestan 
Mazandaran 
Tehran 
Azarbayjan-e Sharqi 
Esfahan 
Hamadan 
Kerman 
Khuzestan 
Lorestan 
Semnan 
Yazd

 
Major  Populated Cities (1992)
Tehran                          7,207,334 
Mashhad                       1,720,631 
Isfehan                          1,159,102 
Tabriz                           1,102,882 
Shiraz                              973,161
Ahvaz                              752,639 
Kermanshah                     631,199 
Qom                                766,549 
Uromieh                           375,431 
Rasht                                363,045
 


 

The IranOnline.com