The Islamic consultative Assembly is constituted
by the representatives of the people elected directly and by secret ballot.
The qualifications of voters and candidates, as well as the nature of election,
will be specified by law.
There are to be two hundred seventy members of
the Islamic Consultative Assembly which, keeping in view the human, political,
geographic and other similar factors, may increase by not more than twenty
for each ten-year period from the date of the national referendum of the
year 1368 of the solar Islamic calendar. The Zoroastrians and Jews will
each elect one representative; Assyrian and Chaldean Christians will jointly
elect one representative; and Armenian Christians in the north and those
in the south of the country will each elect one representative. The limits
of the election constituencies and the number of representatives will be
deter-mined by law.
After the holding of elections, sessions of the Islamic Consultative
Assembly are considered legally valid when two-thirds of the total number
of members are present. Drafts and bills will be approved in accordance
with the code of procedure approved by it, except in cases where the Constitution
has specified a certain quorum. The consent of two-thirds of all members
present is necessary for the approve of the code of procedure of the Assembly.
The manner of election of the Speaker and the Presiding Board of the
Assembly, the number of committees and their term of office, and matters
related to conducting the discussions and maintaining the discipline of
the Assembly will be determined by the code of procedure of the Assembly.
Members of the Assembly must take the following oath at the first session of the Assembly and affix their signatures to its text:
In time of war and the military occupation of the country, elections
due to be held in occupied areas or countrywide may be delayed for a specified
period if proposed by the President of the Republic, and approved by three-fourths
of the total members of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, with the endorsement
of the Guardian Council. If a new Assembly is not formed, the previous
one will continue to function.
The deliberations of the Islamic Consultative Assembly must be open,
and full minutes of them made available to the public by the radio and
the official gazette. A closed session may be held in emergency conditions,
if it is required for national security, upon the requisition of the President,
one of the ministers, or ten members of the Assembly. Legislation passed
at a closed session is valid only when approved by three-fourths of the
members in the presence of the Guardian Council. After emergency conditions
have ceased to exist, the minutes of such closed sessions, together with
any legislation approved in them, must be made available to the public.
The President, his deputies and the ministers have the right to participate in the open sessions of the Assembly either collectively or individually. They may also have their advisers accompany them. If the members of the Assembly deem it necessary, the ministers are obliged to attend. [Conversely], whenever they request it, their statements are to be heard.