Consultative Assembly (MAJLIS)
According to Article 85 of the Constitution,
smaller conventions of representatives are held according to those representatives'
records and information, and their own tendencies, as well as regarding
the priorities. There they discuss and complete the bills from the government
and the proposals from the representatives or from the Counties' Higher
The number of the members of each Committee
is proposed and determined by the standing Presiding Board, considering
the country's needs and observing the priorities. Making any change in
the number of the members is also a responsibility of the Presiding Board.
It is necessary that each MP, apart from the head, should be the member
of one of the standing committees.
Standing Committees are formed with due
regard to the organizational structures of the country. It may sometimes
happen that some identical Committees are consolidated with the approval
of the Majlis in order to accelerate the execution of the duties assigned
to them. Standing Committees listed below may be increased, when necessary,
with the approval of the Majlis.
Each Deputy should accept membership of
at least one of the following Standing Committees. Article 42 of the Rules
of Procedure of the Majlis mentions those Standing Committees as follows:
Islamic Art, Guidance and Media
Administrative and Recruitment Affairs
Economy, Finance and Cooperation
Plan and Budget
Industries and Mines
Labor and Social Affairs
Housing and Urban Development, Roads and Transportation
Judicial and Legal Affairs
Councils and Domestic Affairs
Health and Welfare
Post, Telegraph and Energy Affairs
Commerce and Distribution
Article 88 & 90
Department for Accounting, Budget and Financial Affairs of Majlis
Revolution Organs' Affairs
The Select Committee for the Survey of the Acts / Laws Belonging to the
Pre revolution Period or the Council of the Revolution
Culture and higher Education
As regards those bills and motions which
cannot be referred to any of the above mentioned Committees because their
relevance to those Committees is not clearly specified and they display
various ambiguous or doubtful aspects, the Majlis Presiding Board can form
a special supervisory Committee (a select or ad hoc Committee) whose members
are selected from the related Committees, and refer those bills and matters
to that Committee, which in turn will report the result to the Majlis after
If there arises a need to deal with exceptional
and important questions necessitating a special Committee to deliberate
them, a Committee shall be formed on the endorsement of the Majlis. Members
of this special Committee (Extraordinary Committee) range from 5 to 11
and are elected directly in the open session by the Deputies through secret
ballot and a relative majority.
Whenever there is a bill or proposal related
to two different standing Committees, those two Committees hold joint sessions;
and thus a Joint Committee is formed in order to deal with that particular
bill or proposal.
Standing Committee on the
90th Article of the Constitution
This Committee is based on Article 90
of the Constitution. Its main duties are as follows:
Correspondence with public institutions and
the three Powers.
Asking for explanation as regards complaints
Reading the related reports in the Majlis.