Contribution to the World *
in this section has been provided to Iran Online by Iranian Cultural Center
of Orange County (ICCOC).
According to Professor Arthur Pope (Persian Architecture),
Iran has a continuous history of architecture from at least 5,000 B.C.
to the present , and characteristic examples of this architecture are distributed
over a vast area from Syria to North India and the borders of China, from
the Caucasus to Zanzibar.
First Bricks- Professor Girshman very
clearly shows the gradual evolution of molded and baked bricks in different
layers of Siyalk- near Kashan- and by doing so proves beyond the shadow
of a doubt that brick was first made in Iran.
Iran, the Origin of the First Christian Architecture-
M.A. Choisy in his "Histoire de I'Architecture" prints a map on
which he shows that the point of origin of the first Christian architecture
is Iran. He declares: "the starting point of this movement could
not be neither the Latin countries, nor the purely Greek regions, because
the 4h A.D. was a time of complete decadence of the Roman Empire.
Most of Latin provinces had nothing new to offer but an out-of-date civilization
which was on the wane. Only one nation was guarding amid all this
turmoil and general enfeeblement a vigorous upsurge of vitality based on
the souvenirs of ancient grandeur and superiority and that nation was Iran."
He further states that Iran was the center from which emanated three rays
leading via (1) Asia Minor and Constantinople, (2) Armenia and Transcaucasian
regions, and (3) Syria and the southern coast of Mediterranean Sea, towards
Europe and Africa to introduce Iranian architecture and arts and crafts
to these regions.
Iran's Influence on the Architecture of Italy-
The idea of a double roof with a void in between, according to Coisy, is
Iranian. The double roofing in the dome of St. Marie de Fleurs is
an example. The oldest Persian application of a double dome still
in existence is seen in the Mausoleum of Oljaytu in Soltanieh, near the
city of Zanjan, which dates back to the 14th century. However, the
knowledge and expertise used in the construction of this dome, shows that
this type of double must have been in style for a long time. Coisy
further states that there is no doubt that the architects of Florence and
Bologne have conceived the domes of their cathedrals in imitation of a
from "Iran & America: Rekindling a Love Lost" by Badi Badiozamani