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OVERTHROW OF PREMIER MOSSADEQ OF IRAN
November 1952-August 1953

On June 16, 2000, the New York Times published on its Web site PDF files of a secret CIA report: "CLANDESTINE SERVICE HISTORY, OVERTHROW OF PREMIER MOSSADEQ OF IRAN, November 1952-August 1953," an operation planned and executed by the CIA and British SIS:

    http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/mideast/041600iran-cia-index.html

The Times wrote in an introductory note that names of participants in the overthrow were digitally edited from the report "after consultations with historians who believed there might be serious risk that the families of some of those named as foreign agents would face retribution in Iran."

Cryptome has recovered the majority of the edited text of the files and is publishing the report unedited except for unrecoverable redactions, and Sections IX and X as well as four appendices which were not edited. Restored text is shown here.
 

                                    CS Historical Paper
                                    No.      208     










              CLANDESTINE SERVICE HISTORY


         OVERTHROW OF PREMIER MOSSADEQ OF IRAN

               November 1952-August 1953










                                      Date written  :  March 1954
                                      Date publsihed:  October 1969
                                      Written by    :  Dr. Donald N.
                                                         Wilber

                           S E C R E T



                        TABLE OF CONTENTS


                                                     Page

       HISTORIAN'S NOTE  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    i

       SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  iii

   I.  PRELIMINARY STEPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    1

  II.  DRAFTING THE PLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    5

 III.  CONSOLIDATING THE OPERATIONAL PLAN  . . . . . . . . .   12

  IV.  THE DECISIONS ARE MADE:  ACTIVITY BEGINS  . . . . . .   16

   V.  MOUNTING PRESSURE AGAINST THE SHAH  . . . . . . . . .   22

  VI.  THE FIRST TRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   39

 VII.  APPARENT FAILURE  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   44

VIII.  "THE SHAH IS VICTORIOUS"  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   65

  IX.  REPORT TO LONDON  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   78

   X.  WHAT WAS LEARNED IN THE OPERATION . . . . . . . . . .   85


       APPENDICES

       A  Initial Operation Plan for TPAJAX, as Cabled
          from Nicosia to Headquarters on 1 June 1953

       B  "London" Draft of the TPAJAX Operational Plan

       C  Foreign Office Memorandum of 23 July 1953 from
          British Ambassador Wakins to under Secretary
          of State Smith

       D  Report on Military Planning Aspect of TPAJAX

       E  Military Critique - Lessons Learned from TPAJAX
          re Military Planning Aspects of Coup d'Etat



                                ii

                           S E C R E T


 

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